The manufacture of stone tools from this period is distinguished by bifacialpercussion and pressure-flaked points. Michael Brown in a article identified this as evidence of a possible Caucasian founder population of early Americans spreading from the northeast coast.
Who are the Solutreans? Distinctive stone tools belonging to the Clovis culture established the presence of these early New World people. As well as made key animals go extinct which I find much more compelling than humans killed all the mammoths. Knappers, people who created stone tools, used percussion and pressure to remove a large flake of rock that crossed from one face to the opposite edge of the point.
Clovis points, in addition, had a distinctive flute where large items were presumably hafted to a spear. Mostly I wanted to add this infomation from a recent comment: I think the entire human race has discovered the Americas over and over again.
There may have been another migration pattern, in addition to settlement by people moving out of Beringea. And considering the North-Atlantic crossing you have to wonder how that would have been accomplished.
The half dozen ancient remains discovered in the U. Solutrean hypothesis still like that I cannot get rid of this stupid: Taking into account that C4c is deeply rooted in the Asian portion of the mtDNA phylogeny and is indubitably of Asian origin, the finding that C4c and X2a are characterized by parallel genetic histories definitively dismisses the controversial hypothesis of an Atlantic glacial entry route into North America.
Clovis toolmaking technology appears in the archaeological record in much of North America between 12, and 13, years ago.
Such theories typically also argue for a later migration by groups to the Americas from Asia, who became the Amerindians.
This group was distinguished by its stone toolmaking skills which were labeled as bifacial. Goodyear, who began excavating the Topper site in the s, believes that lithic objects at that level are rudimentary stone tools and thus "artifacts".
This study, therefore, suggests a predominantly central Siberian origin for Native American paternal lineages for those who could have migrated to the Americas during the Upper Pleistocene. It should be noted that bifacial tools were the first tools known, and predate the Clovis tools which are attributed to civilizations that existed nearly 14, years ago.
How easy would it be to conclude that ancient D. Researchers in Italy argued that the distinctively Asian C4c and the disputed X2a had "parallel genetic histories".
Their genomes showed surprising ancestral similarities. Salistala My position is the Solutrean migration never happened, so the Clovis people descended from the Beringian migration. Bifacial tools are characterized as the earliest tools utilized by man.
It should be pointed out, though, that dugouts have been found in Florida, England, China, and elsewhere that are thousands of years old. This is where the Ice Bridge documentary runs into great problems.
The key contentioius points: This calls into question the only plausible evidence of a Solutrean-only technology transfer and in the absence of any other evidence pretty much disproves the Solutrean Hypothesis. What may be relevant is that the oldest sites with pre-Clovis technology are on the Solutrean hypothesis Coast.
Normandie Kent The ancestors of the Native Americans had been in Americas and were here even before the Clovis points were invented, why the hell would there be Clovis points in Siberia or Alaska?
Thus, without additional evidence, there is nothing to justify the assumption that X2a must have evolved in Europe. Also, I just saw that some modern Native Americans have 1 or 2 percent Eastern European in their Eurogenes K36 admixture results in a recent post on the Eupedia forum.
One reason why researchers are still skeptical is because the crossing of the ocean. He realized the significance of the biface tool, and recognized it as rhyolite with a "chalky" patina.The Guardian - Back to home. Rejecting the Solutrean hypothesis: the first peoples in the Americas were not from Europe (not the East Coast as would be predicted from the Solutrean.
The Solutrean-Clovis connection (more formally known as the "North Atlantic Ice-Edge Corridor Hypothesis") is one theory of the peopling of the American continents that suggest that Upper Paleolithic Solutrean culture is ancestral to Clovis.
This idea has its roots in the 19th-century when. The Solutrean Hypothesis assumes arrival from Europe at a pre-Clovis time period and that later Clovis knappers retained the overshot flaking technique brought across the Atlantic Ocean, while adding the distinctive flute.
Feb 13, · I’ve blogged before about the woebegone Solutrean hypothesis, and I’m happy to say that it is now dead. The oldest well-characterised archaeological culture in America is the Clovis culture.
He calls the Solutrean hypothesis “a skeletal idea.” And he worries that a rising sea might have washed away compelling evidence. Later this spring, Stanford plans to take a boat to the Cinmar. The Solutrean Hypothesis suggests that the Solutrean group migrated to North America during the Ice Age (approximately 15, – 17, years ago) via a land bridge that existed from Europe to the North American Continent.
The Solutreans then migrated down into the North American Continent, establishing the first known inhabitants of the .Download