In the UK, the power of the symbol is just as important and frames how the police deal with black people even in areas where there are very few of us. The power has been dogged by several issues: Despite Theresa May, the home secretary, pledging to tackle the issuethere has been little faith that much Police powers to stop and search essay change.
Update 11 July The Misuse of Drugs Act and Firearms Act were previously ommitted from the list of legislation under which stop and search can be lawful. The issue of stop and search has dogged the police service for decades, sparking riots in Brixton in and in various parts of the country in Alex Marshall, chief constable of the College of Policing, said: But whatever the case, the rural numbers are illuminating.
But in the latest figures, while black people are still two to three times more likely to be stopped by police in cities, it is in rural areas that the biggest disparities are found. Given that the last response to stop and search figures by some forces was to attempt to stop collecting the datasome will suspect urban results might reflect forces being better able to massage the figures.
Section 1 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act Section 60 of the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act Section 44 of the Terrorism Act Section 23 of the Misuse of Drugs Act Section 47 of the Firearms Act For a stop and search to be reasonable and lawful, an officer must have reasonable grounds for suspicion that someone is in possession of a stolen or prohibited item such as a firearm or illicit drugs.
As the latest figures show, this is a national problem that cannot be dealt with by focusing on the problems of a few urban police forces. The term stop and search is broadly used to refer to the power the police has to search a person or vehicle they believe likely to have been involved in a crime, although these powers are actually spread across different laws.
Another 19 are failing to meet some of the rules and have been told to improve or also face public shaming. In fact, as we saw last year, in Gloucestershire, black people are times more likely to be stoppedalthough because of the volatility involved in breaking down the statistics this way, whether or not this tells us anything is dubious.
By November this year all forces will have to introduce the new measures, plus others which allow community groups to formally observe stop and search in action, or trigger action by complaining it is being misused.
On the flipside, failing to uncover wrongdoing could be regarded as a success if, without the stop and search powers in place, the person under suspicion would otherwise have been arrested unecessarily.
In Dorset, black people were The Home Office has previously reduced the complexity of paperwork required by stop and search after criticisms that it was overly bureaucratic and officers were being tied up with red tape.
In fact, while the "disproportionality ratio" is 7: The urban environment has long been at the centre of moral panics over the black community and crime.
These stops are just one part of a wider criminal justice system in which black people are more likely to be arrestedcharged and to receive a custodial sentence.
If we assume the remaining 1. Needs an objective basis for the specific suspicion based on facts or intelligence, "normally" this has to be accurate and current, or: Meanwhile, Mrs May herself pointed to the disproportionate number of black people who are subject to searches, claiming that you are seven times more likely to be stopped by police if you are black.
Urban police have, at times, been compared to an occupying force, overseeing black communities. All 43 forces in England and Wales signed up to the scheme to improve stop and search. A focus on urban conditions has worked to legitimise high rates of stop and search and other measures, as they can be explained as the police having to work in difficult, disadvantaged areas that require more policing.
We can also see from the Ministry of Justice figures that while the use of stop and search powers has grown in recent years, the proportion resulting in arrests has fallen.
The findings were part of an HMIC report on police legitimacy, which found that most forces were treating people fairly and ethically, although five required improvement.The Police Powers of Stopping and Searching Essay Words | 4 Pages.
The Police Powers of Stopping and Searching The police can stop and search any person, vehicle, and anything in or on the vehicle for certain items.
Below is an essay on "Police Powers to Stop and Search" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples. Police powers to stop and search The police have powers to stop and question you at any time - they can search you depending on the situation.
The Police Powers of Stopping and Searching The police can stop and search any person, vehicle, and anything in or on the vehicle for certain items. Theresa May introduces new restrictions on stop and search powers Controversial police powers will be scaled back immediately in 24 forces with others to follow by.
The police can stop and question you at any time - they can search you depending on the situation. A police community support officer (PCSO) must be in uniform when they stop and question you.
Most of Britain’s police forces are still failing to obey rules to prevent abuse of their stop and search powers, according to the police regulator, raising the prospect that the government will.Download