Second, disregarding the cast element of social stratification. According to Davis-Moore egalitarian society last as long as people let anyone perform any job. One thing that can lose its value in an egalitarian society is the quality of work.
The thesis merely suggests more rewards for more important positions in order to distinguish between different talents and create incentives. Why would corporate workers have any incentive for promotion when they would get the same rewards with less responsibility?
Melvin Tumin criticized Davis-Moore theses based on three reasoning: According to Davis-Moore thesis, more important jobs shall offer greater rewards.
First, the Davis-Moore thesis does not suggest what reward a society should give to any given job or how unequal the wealth should be distributed. Answering phone calls, bagging in a grocery store, or entering data on a computer are fairly easy and can be done by almost anyone but jobs such as web programming, accounting audition, or designing automobiles are more advance and require personnel with sufficient trainings and experience.
But to what extent the stratification is beneficial?
According to this thesis social stratification has positive consequences for the operation of a society. Thursday, November 22, Analyzing Davis-Moore thesis. By studying Davis-Moore thesis one may object Tumin criticisms.
Third, people need money in order to trade goods and services even in an egalitarian society. The only difference is the people in an egalitarian society are confined in limitation where as in meritocracy there is no limit.
Workers in an equal society will have little incentive to do their best because everyone gets the same rewards regardless of any extra effort. Second, it is true that children of rich families are more privileged but given a fairly equal educational opportunity everyone can have a chance to progress.
And why would anyone want to work in a mine? Greater rewards create motivation for people in the society to educate themselves. It makes the society productive and efficient.Abstract.
In Davis and Moore, following an earlier formulation by Davis, proposed a functional theory of stratification that was intended to account for what they contended was the “universal necessity” for social inequality in any social order.
Criticism of the Davis-Moore Thesis: The Nature of Social Mobility: a. Scarcity of rewards is not a “natural” scarcity but rather an artificial scarcity--especially within a system of private property in production--property is, for example, exclusionary rights. Davis-Moore thesis (noun) “Thesis that argues some social stratification is a social necessity” (OpenStax College ).
Audio Pronunciation: (Da·vis Moore the·sis). The Davis–Moore hypothesis, sometimes referred to as the Davis–Moore theory, is a central claim within the structural functionalist paradigm of sociological theory, and was advanced by Kingsley Davis and Wilbert E.
Moore in a paper published in A Critique on Davis and Moore *Note: this post was created and intended for last night, but had to be delayed til today because of technical difficulties.
As you will notice, there are similarities in what is in the post below and what was presented today in lecture. Davis-Moore Thesis The assertion that social stratification exists in every society because it has beneficial consequences for the operation of society.
The greater the functional importance of a position the more rewards society attaches to it.Download